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The Capitalization of Seller Paid Consessions

Author: Ken H. Johnson, Randy I . Anderson and James R. Webb

Start Page: 287
End Page: 300
Volume: 19
Issue Number: 3
Year: 2000
Publication: Journal of Real Estate Research

Abstract: Using a hedonic pricing model, we analyze the capitalization of total seller paid discount points and closing costs into the price of a house. We hypothesize that sellers are concerned about the sales price net of total seller paid concessions (SPNC), rather than the exact terms of the transaction. Since the SPNC is easily ascertained in the negotiation process, we further hypothesize that total seller paid concessions (TSPC) are fully capitalized into the sales price. To test this hypothesis, sales price is regressed on a set of control variables including TSPC. In this framework, TSPC will be positive and not significantly different from one if concessions are fully capitalized. The empirical results provide support for the capitalization hypothesis. Negotiation strategies and study limitations follow from the empirical results.

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