title.gif - 2085 Bytes

Visit to Elkab - 21148 Bytes

Friday is our day off, so we visit other ancient monuments. Today we went south to the sites of Elkab and Edfu, some 120 km from Luxor. At Elkab Jackie Williamson and William Peck of the Detroit Institute of Arts point to scenes of afterlife existence in the tomb of Renni, (ca. 1550 B.C.) for Abigail McGuirk.

Edfu Temple - 15438 Bytes

Edfu Temple, built in the 3rd and 2nd centuries B.C., is the best preserved ancient temple in Egypt. Dr. Betsy Bryan points out some of the scenes of king Ptolemy VIII enacting foundation ceremonies for Edfu, while Abigail McGuirk looks on.

Front Court at Edfu Temple - 20674 Bytes

In the front court of the Edfu Temple is a scene showing boats carrying the statues of the deities Horus (of Edfu) and Hathor (goddess from Dendera, north of Luxor). Jackie Williamson is pointing out the boats for Yasmin el-Shazly, Abigail McGuirk, and our hometown visitor for a few days, Fred Lamp, Curator of African Art from the Baltimore Museum of Art.

The Expedition at Edfu - 21351 Bytes

Our Hopkins group (minus a few down with various minor illnesses we seem to be exchanging) in front of the statue of the falcon god Horus of Edfu. On the right in back are also William Peck of the Detroit Museum of Arts and Won Ng of the Brooklyn Museum of Art, as well as Fred Lamp of the Baltimore Museum of Art.

The King's Robing Room at Edfu Temple - 18919 Bytes

In the king's robing room of Edfu Temple (the Per Duat), Dr. Betsy Bryan, Kara Cooney, and Nozomu Kawai read the inscriptions about the king being prepared for an entrance into the inner parts of the temple.

The Pure Room at Edfu Temple - 19866 Bytes

Kara Cooney, with Jen Kimpton and Nozomu Kawai waiting their turns, is taking pictures of an important room in the Temple called "the wabet," or "pure room". This room served as a bedroom for the god's statue on the nights before major festivals; there the statue was purified and clothed before resting overnight. From the wabet the statue was carried to the roof of the Temple where it was placed for the day to absorb the energy of the sun's rays.

Viewing Images - 17796 Bytes

In an enclosed ambulatory behind the temple Betsy Bryan points to the image of the lion-head goddess Sakhmet, the most fearsome deitiy of Egypt because of her potential for destroying mankind. Dr. Bryan tells the group of the long inscription behind Sakhmet that contains a litany to appease the angry goddess with music and gifts.

Return to Hopkins in Egypt Today 2001 Home Page

© The Johns Hopkins University 2001
For additional information contact: macie.hall@jhu.edu