Hopkins in Cyberspace By Mike Field There is an ancient story of European origin about two innocent children who were lured by their woodcutting father deep into the woods, where they were abandoned to their fate. Luckily, the children were smart enough to leave themselves a trail of pebbles by which they found their way back. Sometimes, when traveling through worldwide gopherspace on JHUniverse, it is easy to begin feeling like those lost children. Deep within the thicket of lists, files and directories within directories within directories, you may start to wonder how you will ever get back. Many are tempted to simply turn off their machine rather than trying to retrace their steps through a maze of successive menus. Once out, they realize only too late they have no clear recollection of where they were, or how to get back. Fortunately for many users of JHUniverse, there is a system of pebbles you can drop to trace your way back and forth through the tangle of menus that stand between the JHUniverse first screen and the information you need. It's called a bookmark. Using this feature can save untold hours of frustrating searches and make JHUniverse a handy personalized tool, sort of like the most diverse and effective personal reference guide imaginable. After all, gopherspace is the place where you can find a searchable version of the complete works of Shakespeare, the annotated King James Bible, the table of periodic elements and the lyrics to almost any popular song of the last 25 years, among other things. The trick with all this useful information is having it readily accessible and close at hand. With the help of bookmarks, you can. As is frequently the case in the often frustrating world of computer communications, different systems use different ways of making bookmarks. Some systems don't offer this feature at all. JHUniverse does, and university computer-users connected directly to JHUniverse should have this feature available. If you cannot find it on your computer, contact your computer support specialist. Bookmarks work in a relatively straightforward manner. When you wish to save a particular file item or, in some cases, an entire directory, you highlight the item on your screen, call up the bookmark function and save it. The exact location of the item will be saved in a separate personal file, enabling you to return to it at any time, from any location. If you use JHUniverse primarily as a gateway to the Internet, you can save the Into the Internet! directory in your bookmark list so you can return to that menu at any time without having to go all the way back to the introductory screen. If you wanted your personal bookmark file to include a particular file, the process is the same. For instance, you may want to have easy computer access to zip codes all over the country. After connecting to JHUniverse you click your computer's mouse or hit enter at #4--Into the Internet!, then #5--Gopher Jewels, then #10--Library Reference and News, then #2--General Reference Resources, then #3--General Reference resources (misc), then #18--U.S. Zip Code Directory (U. of Oregon). That's a lot of steps. Here's where bookmark can prove so helpful. With the Zip Code directory highlighted, you now add it to your bookmark list in one of several ways. If you connect to JHUniverse by typing "gopher" at the DOS prompt of your computer, then you are probably using PC-Gopher III. There should be a line, located above the main menu, containing three short horizontal lines followed by the words File, Window and Configure. Using your mouse to highlight the word File, or by hitting Alt. F, you will see a list of file functions available, including Open Bookmark or F9. Again using the mouse or the F9 function key, highlight and select Open Bookmark. A list will appear including any bookmark locations previously assigned as well as two keys: Insert and Delete. Use the mouse or the tab key to highlight Insert and hit Return. The Zip Code directory is now part of your personal bookmark list, which you can call up at any time by hitting the F9 function key. When connecting to JHUniverse through a UNIX server such as the university's JHUNIX or Resource computers there will be no top line. There are four basic UNIX bookmark commands available when using a UNIX Gopher client. Lowercase "a" adds the item the arrow is pointing at to your list; capital "A" adds the current directory you are in to your list; lowercase "v" pulls up the booklist for viewing and lowercase "d" deletes an item from your list. Apple-users connecting to JHUniverse via TurboGopher will also find a list of functions across the top of their screens: File, Edit, Gopher, Setup and Recent. Bookmark commands can be accessed by using the mouse to highlight Gopher and then one of four commands: Show Bookmark, Set Bookmark, Edit or Import. Alternately, you can use the command key "K" to show, the command key "B" to set and the command key "E" to edit bookmarks. If you telnet to JHUniverse, you're out of luck. "Bookmarks are not available to people who telnet to JHUniverse because the Gopher client is actually running on JHUniverse and there is no place to save a bookmark file since you don't log in," said Lee Watkins, assistant director of Homewood Academic Computing. "There is no home directory for users who come in anonymously, so there is no place to save a bookmark file. This is another good reason to convince anyone who is telneting to JHUniverse to use another means of connecting if at all possible." Using bookmarks is a simple and effective way to turn JHUniverse into your own personalized resource information center. Think of it as your own pebbles in the woods. And beware of kindly old ladies in gingerbread houses. Happy wanderings.
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