Hopkins Graduate Wins Nobel Prize A member of the class of 1949 is the 22nd person with a Johns Hopkins connection to win a Nobel Prize. Martin Rodbell, a Baltimore native who earned his undergraduate degree in biology at the university, is also the ninth Hopkins-connected Nobel laureate in medicine. Dr. Rodbell, 68, a retired scientist with the National Institutes of Health, was chosen last week to share the 1994 prize with Alfred G. Gilman of the University of Texas. They will split the prize--this year worth $930,000--and be honored with this year's other Nobelists in Dec. 10 ceremonies in Stockholm and Oslo. The researchers were honored for work in the 1970s deciphering the communications system the human body uses to regulate cellular activity. Their work focused on G proteins, the substances on cell surfaces that serve as intermediaries between outside signals, transmitted by hormones or drugs, and the cellular proteins that respond to those signals. Dr. Rodbell is the third Hopkins graduate to win a Nobel in the 1990s, following two University of Chicago economists, Merton Miller Ph.D.'52, who won in 1990, and Robert Fogel Ph.D.'63, a winner last year. The university's first Nobel laureate was Woodrow Wilson, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1919 and recipient of a doctorate in history in 1886. Three current faculty members are Nobel winners: biologist Christian Anfinsen of the School of Arts and Sciences and molecular biologists Hamilton O. Smith and Daniel Nathans of the School of Medicine.
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