Scientists, Clinicians Inducted Into JHU Society of Scholars By Ken Keatley Fifteen internationally esteemed scientists and clinicians-- whose areas of expertise range from cancer epidemiology to economic sociology--have been selected as 1995 Johns Hopkins University Society of Scholars inductees. The first of its kind in the nation, the Society of Scholars has since 1967 inducted former postdoctoral fellows and junior or visiting faculty at Hopkins who have gained marked distinction in their fields of physical, biological, medical, social or engineering sciences, or the humanities. This year's group brings the total number of society members to 326. During the commencement ceremony on Thursday, May 25, the inductees will be presented with a diploma and with a medallion on a black and gold ribbon, to be worn with their academic costumes. The newly elected members: Frank C. Arnett Jr. is internationally recognized in the field of immunogenetics. His research of autoantibody responses in various rheumatic diseases has played a significant role in identifying immune response alleles in human chromosomes. Dr. Arnett is director of the Division of Rheumatology and a professor of internal medicine at the University of Texas-Houston Health Science Center. Subhash Chandra Basu has pioneered the study of the biosynthesis of complex carbohydrates called gangliosides. These compounds accumulate in large quantity in certain diseases, such as Tay-Sachs', and are also involved in intercellular communication. The pathway of synthesis of the gangliosides, developed largely by Dr. Basu, is of major interest to researchers. He is chairman of the Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Program and a professor of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of Notre Dame. Nicolaie D. Cristescu is a leading researcher in the fields of dynamic plasticity, rock mechanics and metal forming. His 1967 book, Dynamic Plasticity, based on extensive theoretical analyses, helped establish his international reputation. Dr. Cristescu served as president of the University of Bucharest from 1990 to 1992, and is a graduate research professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering, Mechanics and Engineering Science at the University of Florida. Robert H. Fletcher, professor of ambulatory care and prevention at the Harvard Medical School and Harvard Community Health Plan, is internationally recognized for his contributions to primary care. From 1990 to 1993, he served as editor of the Annals of Internal Medicine, shaping the editorial policy during a time of rapid changes in medicine and primary care. Dr. Fletcher is the former president of the Society of General Internal Medicine. Gabriel Alvarez Galindo, professor in the Department of Theoretical Physics at the Universidad Complutense in Madrid, is one of the brightest young scientists in Spain. In addition to contributions in quantum chemistry, mathematical physics and electron paramagnetic resonance, he has established a reputation in computer programming with his work on optical character recognition and the Spanish implementation of the NeXT operating system. Ruth Gallily, professor of immunology at The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School Jerusalem and the Lautenberg Center for General and Tumor Immunology, has extensively studied macrophages, tissue cells that help protect against infection. She developed an anti-macrophage serum, which showed the critical role of macrophages in inflammation, transplantation immunity and autoimmunity. Dr. Gallily documented the interaction of antibody and macrophage in promoting the toxicity and destructive nature of cells. Mark Granovetter, an esteemed sociologist, has inspired fellow researchers with his scholarly work and compelling reasoning. His book, Getting a Job, is considered a classic in the field of social stratification, and his 1985 article, "Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem on Embeddedness," is credited with reinvigorating economic sociology. Dr. Granovetter is director of the Program in Business Institutions within the Department of Sociology at Northwestern University. Bevra H. Hahn--an outstanding researcher, clinician and teacher--has made contributions to understanding the origins and development of a form of the skin disease lupus and to improving the treatment of patients with rheumatic diseases. A 1964 graduate of the School of Medicine, she is chief of the Division of Rheumatology and a professor of medicine in the Department of Medicine at the University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine. Peter S. Harper is a renowned researcher of myotonic dystrophy, Huntington's chorea and other neuromuscular diseases. He has applied the science of genetics to the delivery of effective and compassionate health care for birth defects and hereditary disorders. Dr. Harper is professor of medical genetics at the University of Wales College of Medicine, and consultant physician and medical geneticist at the University Hospital of Wales. Charles R. Hatcher Jr. has had a distinguished career at Emory University. He established and developed the nationally renowned open heart surgery program at the Emory University School of Medicine, serving as professor of surgery and chief of cardiothoracic surgery. In 1976, he became the director of the Emory Clinic, and since 1984 has been the vice president for health affairs and the director of the Robert W. Woodruff Health Sciences Center. Harrison Latta, a 1943 graduate of the School of Medicine, is internationally recognized as a pathologist and academician. He is an authority on the kidney and a pioneer investigator of the structure of a small, intertwined mass of capillaries called glomerulus. His interest in electron microscopy led to the discovery of the glass knife technique for cutting ultrathin sections, a major contribution in the field. Dr. Latta is professor emeritus of pathology at the University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine. Marie Clare McCormick--who has graduate degrees from the School of Medicine (1971) and the School of Hygiene and Public Health (1978)--is an acclaimed researcher and policy analyst in maternal and child health services. Her interests are epidemiology of infant mortality and low birth weight, measurement of and factors associated with child health status, and evaluation of maternal and child health services. Dr. McCormick is professor and chair of the Department of Maternal and Child Health at the Harvard School of Public Health and professor of pediatrics at the Harvard Medical School. Abraham M.Y. Nomura, who holds a Ph.D. in epidemiology from Hopkins, is a researcher in cancer epidemiology who has focused on the relationship of diet and cancer, and on related methodological issues. He has studied the interaction of genetic factors and behavioral lifestyle patterns that Hawaii represents in its admixture of races and people. Dr. Nomura, director of the Japan-Hawaii Cancer Study at Kuakini Medical Center, is associate editor of the American Journal of Epidemiology and Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. Stephen J. Peroutka, a molecular neuroscientist and neurologist, has made significant contributions with direct clinical impact. He was the first researcher to clarify the subtypes of receptors for the neurotransmitter serotonin, explaining the actions of an anti-migraine drug and of major anti-nausea drugs. He is president and founder of Spectra Biomedical Inc., where genomic techniques are used to identify the causes and treatment of headache and psychiatric diseases. Eijiro Satoyoshi is a distinguished clinician and investigator in the field of neurology. He conceived, developed and directed the Japanese National Institute of Neurosciences, which has been consolidated as the National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry. As president emeritus of this government institute, he continues to be involved in world class research in a variety of areas of neuroscience.
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