Nonprofit workers earn $6.4 billion annually,
nonprofit job growth leads other sectors
Jobs in Maryland's nonprofit sector have increased more than 3.5 times faster than private sector and government jobs over the past decade and now account for one of every 11 paid positions in the state, a new study shows.
According to the study by researchers at Johns Hopkins University, the number of Maryland residents employed by nonprofits grew to 202,635 paid workers by the end of 1999, the latest period for which data is available. That's an increase of 7,221 over 1998 figures and means that nonprofit workers now account for 8.5 percent of the state workforce.
The new information on nonprofit employment was released by the Nonprofit Employment Data Project at The Johns Hopkins University, which seeks for the first time to quantify the size and scope of nonprofit employment in Maryland and several other states.
"Certainly, nonprofit employment is a good indicator of the size and influence of this growing segment of our society," said Lester Salamon (pictured at right), a principal research scientist at the Johns Hopkins Institute for Policy Studies and a leading expert on nonprofits. "In payroll alone, nonprofit employees earned more than $6 billion in 1999, generating significant tax revenue and other economic benefits for Maryland."
Salamon and Sarah Dewees, project coordinator for the Nonprofit Employment Data Project, are preparing a detailed report, which will be released soon. Among their findings:
More people work for nonprofits in Maryland than work in manufacturing or construction.
Nonprofits continue to account for one out of every five paid workers in the City of Baltimore, making this the city's largest economic sector.
Among nonprofit employees, just over 102,000 people work in the health field, which accounts for 50 percent of nonprofit employment. These jobs include work in hospitals, nursing and personal care facilities and the offices and clinics of medical doctors and other health practioners.
By the end of 1999, the average weekly wage for all industries in Maryland was $713, compared to just $606 for nonprofit workers. But in hospitals, home care and education, nonprofit workers earned higher weekly wages.
Although Baltimore City leads the state with nonprofit workers, nonprofit employment in other areas of the state is growing at a faster rate. For instance, nonprofit employment in the Baltimore and Washington suburbs grew by 55 percent between 1989 and 1999, and by 35 percent in Western Maryland over the same period.
The private nonprofit sector is comprised of private universities, schools, hospitals, clinics, day care centers, social service providers, symphonies, museums, art galleries, theaters, environmental organizations and many others. The data in this report draw on reports filed by employers with the Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation, and cover the period through the end of 1999.
The Center for Civil Society Studies (CCSS) is publishing this report in collaboration with the Maryland Association of Nonprofit Organizations, an association of more than 950 nonprofit organizations representing a wide array of nonprofit activity. For more information, visit the CCSS web site at www.jhu.edu/~ccss/.
To arrange an interview with one of the study's authors, please call 410-516-6094.
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