Johns Hopkins Gazette: May 8, 1995

Scientists, Clinicians Inducted Into JHU Society of Scholars

By Ken Keatley

     Fifteen internationally esteemed scientists and clinicians--
whose areas of expertise range from cancer epidemiology to
economic sociology--have been selected as 1995 Johns Hopkins
University Society of Scholars inductees.

     The first of its kind in the nation, the Society of Scholars
has since 1967 inducted former postdoctoral fellows and junior or
visiting faculty at Hopkins who have gained marked distinction in
their fields of physical, biological, medical, social or
engineering sciences, or the humanities. This year's group brings
the total number of society members to 326.

     During the commencement ceremony on Thursday, May 25, the
inductees will be presented with a diploma and with a medallion
on a black and gold ribbon, to be worn with their academic

     The newly elected members:

     Frank C. Arnett Jr. is internationally recognized in the
field of immunogenetics. His research of autoantibody responses
in various rheumatic diseases has played a significant role in
identifying immune response alleles in human chromosomes. Dr.
Arnett is director of the Division of Rheumatology and a
professor of internal medicine at the University of Texas-Houston
Health Science Center.

     Subhash Chandra Basu has pioneered the study of the
biosynthesis of complex carbohydrates called gangliosides. These
compounds accumulate in large quantity in certain diseases, such
as Tay-Sachs', and are also involved in intercellular
communication. The pathway of synthesis of the gangliosides,
developed largely by Dr. Basu, is of major interest to
researchers. He is chairman of the Biochemistry, Biophysics and
Molecular Biology Program and a professor of chemistry and
biochemistry at the University of Notre Dame.

     Nicolaie D. Cristescu is a leading researcher in the fields
of dynamic plasticity, rock mechanics and metal forming. His 1967
book, Dynamic Plasticity, based on extensive theoretical
analyses, helped establish his international reputation. Dr.
Cristescu served as president of the University of Bucharest from
1990 to 1992, and is a graduate research professor in the
Department of Aerospace Engineering, Mechanics and Engineering
Science at the University of Florida.

     Robert H. Fletcher, professor of ambulatory care and
prevention at the Harvard Medical School and Harvard Community
Health Plan, is internationally recognized for his contributions
to primary care. From 1990 to 1993, he served as editor of the
Annals of Internal Medicine, shaping the editorial policy during
a time of rapid changes in medicine and primary care. Dr.
Fletcher is the former president of the Society of General
Internal Medicine.

     Gabriel Alvarez Galindo, professor in the Department of
Theoretical Physics at the Universidad Complutense in Madrid, is
one of the brightest young scientists in Spain. In addition to
contributions in quantum chemistry, mathematical physics and
electron paramagnetic resonance, he has established a reputation
in computer programming with his work on optical character
recognition and the Spanish implementation of the NeXT operating

     Ruth Gallily, professor of immunology at The Hebrew
University-Hadassah Medical School Jerusalem and the Lautenberg
Center for General and Tumor Immunology, has extensively studied
macrophages, tissue cells that help protect against infection.
She developed an anti-macrophage serum, which showed the critical
role of macrophages in inflammation, transplantation immunity and
autoimmunity. Dr. Gallily documented the interaction of antibody
and macrophage in promoting the toxicity and destructive nature
of cells.      

     Mark Granovetter, an esteemed sociologist, has inspired
fellow researchers with his scholarly work and compelling
reasoning. His book, Getting a Job, is considered a classic in
the field of social stratification, and his 1985 article,
"Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem on
Embeddedness," is credited with reinvigorating economic
sociology. Dr. Granovetter is director of the Program in Business
Institutions within the Department of Sociology at Northwestern

     Bevra H. Hahn--an outstanding researcher, clinician and
teacher--has made contributions to understanding the origins and
development of a form of the skin disease lupus and to improving
the treatment of patients with rheumatic diseases. A 1964
graduate of the School of Medicine, she is chief of the Division
of Rheumatology and a professor of medicine in the Department of
Medicine at the University of California at Los Angeles School of
     Peter S. Harper is a renowned researcher of myotonic
dystrophy, Huntington's chorea and other neuromuscular diseases.
He has applied the science of genetics to the delivery of
effective and compassionate health care for birth defects and
hereditary disorders. Dr. Harper is professor of medical genetics
at the University of Wales College of Medicine, and consultant
physician and medical geneticist at the University Hospital of

     Charles R. Hatcher Jr. has had a distinguished career at
Emory University. He established and developed the nationally
renowned open heart surgery program at the Emory University
School of Medicine, serving as professor of surgery and chief of
cardiothoracic surgery. In 1976, he became the director of the
Emory Clinic, and since 1984 has been the vice president for
health affairs and the director of the Robert W. Woodruff Health
Sciences Center.

     Harrison Latta, a 1943 graduate of the School of Medicine,
is internationally recognized as a pathologist and academician.
He is an authority on the kidney and a pioneer investigator of
the structure of a small, intertwined mass of capillaries called
glomerulus. His interest in electron microscopy led to the
discovery of the glass knife technique for cutting ultrathin
sections, a major contribution in the field. Dr. Latta is
professor emeritus of pathology at the University of California
at Los Angeles School of Medicine.

     Marie Clare McCormick--who has graduate degrees from the
School of Medicine (1971) and the School of Hygiene and Public
Health (1978)--is an acclaimed researcher and policy analyst in
maternal and child health services. Her interests are
epidemiology of infant mortality and low birth weight,
measurement of and factors associated with child health status,
and evaluation of maternal and child health services. Dr.
McCormick is professor and chair of the Department of Maternal
and Child Health at the Harvard School of Public Health and
professor of pediatrics at the Harvard Medical School. 

     Abraham M.Y. Nomura, who holds a Ph.D. in epidemiology from
Hopkins, is a researcher in cancer epidemiology who has focused
on the relationship of diet and cancer, and on related
methodological issues. He has studied the interaction of genetic  
factors and behavioral lifestyle patterns that Hawaii represents
in its admixture of races and people. Dr. Nomura, director of the
Japan-Hawaii Cancer Study at Kuakini Medical Center, is associate
editor of the American Journal of Epidemiology and Cancer
Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

     Stephen J. Peroutka, a molecular neuroscientist and
neurologist, has made significant contributions with direct
clinical impact. He was the first researcher to clarify the
subtypes of receptors for the neurotransmitter serotonin,
explaining the actions of an anti-migraine drug and of major
anti-nausea drugs. He is president and founder of Spectra
Biomedical Inc., where genomic techniques are used to identify
the causes and treatment of headache and psychiatric diseases.

     Eijiro Satoyoshi is a distinguished clinician and
investigator in the field of neurology. He conceived, developed
and directed the Japanese National Institute of Neurosciences,
which has been consolidated as the National Center of Neurology
and Psychiatry. As president emeritus of this government
institute, he continues to be involved in world class research in
a variety of areas of neuroscience.     

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