Johns Hopkins Gazette: May 6, 1996

Society of Scholars Inducts 15

     Fifteen scientists and clinicians, internationally known as
pioneers in their fields, have been elected this year to the
Johns Hopkins Society of Scholars.   

     The society was created upon the recommendation of President
Milton S. Eisenhower on May 1, 1967. It is the first of its kind
in the nation and inducts former postdoctoral fellows and junior
or visiting faculty at Johns Hopkins who have gained marked
distinction in their fields of physical, biological, medical,
social or engineering sciences, or the humanities, and for whom
at least five years have elapsed since their Hopkins affiliation. 

     During a ceremony on May 2, the inductees were presented
with a certificate and a medallion on a black and gold ribbon, to
be worn with their academic gowns. This year's ceremony brings
the number of the society's members to 341.

--Compiled by Leslie Rice

Hugh F. Biller
New York, N.Y.
     Dr. Biller is internationally known as a leader in head and
neck surgery. He pioneered and developed surgical procedures
focused on the preservation of vocal function while successfully 
treating malignant disease involving the larynx. He served as
chairman of the Department of Otolaryngology at Mount Sinai
Medical Center in New York City until 1995. He is past president
of the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery.

Peter G.J. Burney
London, England
     Dr. Burney's position as chairman of the Respiratory Disease
Committee of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and
Lung Disease places him in the front ranks of epidemiologists
worldwide. He has played a major role in the education of public
health physicians and is a widely acknowledged expert and leader
in the fight against chronic respiratory diseases. Dr. Burney has
served on many national and international working groups,
committees and councils dealing with asthma and related diseases.
He is also chair of the Department of Public Health Medicine at
United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St. Thomas
Hospitals in London.

Roberto Casalbuoni
Florence, Italy
     Dr. Casalbuoni is a leading researcher in the study of
subatomic particles. He is chair of the Department of Physics at
the University of Florence in Italy and has been published on a
wide variety of topics related to the physics of elementary
particles. Under his leadership, a group of theoretical
physicists in Florence have developed a method of searching for
new physical phenomena by analyzing data obtained when electrons
and positrons collide at high energy levels.

C. Richard Conti
Gainesville, Fla.
     A leader in academic cardiology, Dr. Conti is a graduate of
Johns Hopkins Medical School, the Osler Residency Program and a
Division of Cardiology fellow. He has had a distinguished career
in research and training as director of cardiology at the
University of Florida School of Medicine. His national status as
a trailblazer in cardiology was recognized by his election to
president of the American College of Cardiology in 1988.

Harold Gerard Donnelly
West Lafayette, Ind.
     Dr. Donnelly is one of the world's pioneers in the basic
linear equations associated with a Riemannian manifold, the heat
equation and the wave equation. These equations have been studied
for well over a century by physicists, engineers and
mathematicians looking for answers in acoustics, diffusion of
heat and the spectral analysis of light from a star. Dr. Donnelly
has made breakthroughs in the analysis of the eigenfunctions,
introducing entirely new thoughts in the subject. 

Thomas P. Duffy
New Haven, Conn.
     Dr. Duffy is one of the nation's leading academic
hematologists and a renowned practitioner of the Oslerian school
of patient-centered clinical care, teaching and scholarship. His
teaching and written scholarship have focused on the ways that
doctors can learn directly from the patient to gain the insight
needed both to understand the patient's problems and to offer the
most appropriate intervention. This patient-centered approach has
also led Dr. Duffy to write works that have enlightened the
medical community's thinking about the many ethical issues that
arise in the care of patients. Dr. Duffy has inspired a
generation of students, house officers and fellows to aspire to
the highest ideals of the medical profession. 

Linda S. Gottfredson
Newark, Del.
     Dr. Gottfredson, a professor of the Department of
Educational Studies at the University of Delaware, is nationally
known for her penetrating researches on vocational choice, the
measurement of individual differences and the bases of
occupational stratification. Her 1981 treatise, "Circumscription
and Compromise: A Developmental Theory of Occupational
Aspirations," became an instant classic and stimulus for new
research for the light it shed on how and why individuals enter
the careers they do. 

Lazar J. Greenfield
Ann Arbor, Mich.
     Dr. Greenfield, chair of the Department of Surgery at
University of Michigan, is clearly one of the leaders in American
surgery. He was one of the last young cardiovascular surgeons
trained at Hopkins by the famous Dr. Alfred Blalock. He has made
many significant contributions in the field of cardiovascular
surgery, perhaps most notably the development of the Greenfield
vena caval filter. Prior to his position at Michigan, he was
chairman of the Department of Surgery at the Medical College of
Virginia for 13 years. 

William H. Hartmann
Tampa, Fla.
     Dr. Hartmann is internationally recognized for his academic
contributions in research, education and service in pathology. As
editor-in-chief of the Atlas of Tumor Pathology from 1975 to
1987, he established this series of volumes as the primary
reference source throughout the world for the classification of
tumors. Moreover, his own research, especially in thyroid and
breast cancer, has had significant impact in the characterization
of these tumors. As chair of pathology at Vanderbilt University
from 1973 to 1987, he established his department as one of the
leaders in the United States. He has served as executive vice
president of the American Board of Pathology.

Fazle Hussain
Houston, Texas
     Dr. Hussain is one of the world's leading experts in
experimental fluid mechanics. He is particularly known for his
extensive research and contributions in turbulent shear flows,
jets, vortex dynamics and related experimental methods. He has
served as editor of several prominent journals and is a fellow of
the American Society of Mechanical Engineering and the American
Physical Society.

Kim Mo-Im 
Seoul, Korea
     Dr. Kim is the recipient of numerous national and
international awards for her contributions to the field of 
nursing. She was elected to the Korean National Assembly from
1981 to 1985 and was instrumental in formulating legislation that
enhanced the education and participation of nurses in health care
in Korea. Internationally, Dr. Kim has served with the World
Health Organization as a member of expert panels and advisory
groups on nursing. Since 1994, she has been secretary-general of
the Global Network of WHO Collaborating Centers for International
Nursing and Midwifery Development.

Alexander H. Leighton
Halifax, Nova Scotia
     Dr. Leighton is a pre-eminent American psychiatric
epidemiologist and is internationally known for documenting
community aspects of psychiatry. He initiated pioneering
community studies in North America aimed at ascertaining the
prevalence of mental illness in a normal population. His work led
to numerous outstanding publications, including 15 books. 

George L. Nemhauser
Atlanta, Ga.
     Dr. Nemhauser is renowned in the field of mathematical
operations research, particularly in the theory, advanced
computational development and applications of optimization. He
served as president of the Mathematical Programming Society and 
the Operations Research Society of America. He has published in
such diverse areas as antenna design, line balancing, capital
budgeting, train scheduling, political districting, plant
location and production planning.

David B. Thomas
Seattle, Wash.
     Dr. Thomas is a distinguished cancer epidemiologist and head
of one of the leading programs in cancer epidemiology in the
world. His research has focused on the risks of hormones and
breast cancer, an issue of international importance because of
the widespread use of hormones in oral contraceptives and for
post-menopausal replacement therapy. Dr. Thomas has made broad 
contributions to our understanding of the causes of cancer in his
role as director of the Cancer Surveillance System of western
Washington, an innovative cancer registry that has been used for
research and public health monitoring.

Lawrence L. Weed
Underhill, Vt.
     Dr. Weed is known throughout the world as the originator of
the problem-oriented medical record. His system has
revolutionized the way medical information is recorded, stored
and transmitted, and has provided the foundation for the
computerized medical record. His experience has spanned the
spectrum from basic biomedical science at Yale to medical
education in a community hospital in Bangor, Maine. He is
currently professor emeritus at the University of Vermont, where
he has been since 1964.

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