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News Release

Office of News and Information
Johns Hopkins University / 3400 N. Charles Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21218-2692
Phone: (410) 516-7160
Fax (410) 516-5251

December 22, 1997
CONTACT: Steve Libowitz

First State-wide Summit on
The Role of Arts in Education

Fact Sheet: Research

A sample of research conducted on the relation between arts involvement and academic achievement:

  • Students who study the arts tend to do better on SATs than those who do not. In one study, SAT takers with classes and experience in music, scored 45 points higher on the verbal portion of the test and 32 points higher on the math portion.

  • The longer the period of study, the higher the SAT score. Those who studied the arts for more than 4 years scored 53 points higher on the verbal test and 37 points higher on math.

  • One Maryland elementary school, putting its new arts program into its existing curriculum, doubled its combined MSPAP [Maryland School Performance and Assessment Program] scores in just one year.

  • Research by the Center for Arts in the Basic Curriculum indicates that when a school devotes more than 25 percent of its school day to the arts, students perform with academically superior abilities.

  • A recent study with preschool children found that six months of music training significantly improved spatial reasoning.

  • A public school kindergarten study showed that children's spatial reasoning improved 65 percent following 8 months of classroom keyboard instruction. Children receiving no music lessons scored 46 percent lower than the music group.

  • 70 percent of 10th graders with a high involvement in the arts scored in the top 2 quartiles in standardized reading tests compared to 45 percent of students with low arts involvement. Similar percentages hold for tests in history, citizenship and geography.

  • Of 10th graders with a high involvement in the arts, 47 percent consider community service important or very important; of those students with low arts involvement, 34 percent consider community service important or very important.


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